Rose point Rose point is a typical lace of Brussels. It developed in the 17th century. In order to prevent copying the lace manufacturers of Brussels divided the drawings in to small pieces each of which was produced by separate workers. These small pieces were then assembled like a puzzle by a trusted worker . Thus the individual lace makers did not know generally the purpose of the lace which they had produced. It could as well be for a handkerchief as a wedding veil.
Duchess Duchess is also a typical lace of Brussels. It is a bobbin lace produced on a cushion with surprisingly few needles. This technique is thus not easy. The Duchess was creates about 1853 in the honor of the Duchess Marie-Henrietta of Brabant, future wife of Leopold II. The designs of this lace are primarily flowers and leaf.
One enormously mixed the Duchess and the Point of Rose in order to give more contrast to the drawings and to reduce work with the spindles.
Point d’Angleterre Point d’Angleterre: one of the finest laces is produced by mixing the techniques of bobbin lace and needle-point. There is no clear limit between the two techniques which are used together in order to better emphasize the design. Contrasts are marked and designs more delicate.
In 1662 the English Parliament prohibited lace importation to England. Under the influence of the Stuarts lace became very important. In order to be well regarded it was necessary to have access to lace for clothing purposes. Thus the English tradesmen imported Belgian workers in order to manufacture lace in England and to circumvent the import ban. But the English flax was not as fine, or as beautiful and the Belgian lace makers were unable to produce lace as beautiful as they had made in Belgium.
In order to meet the demand from England to continue to export Belgian lace to England the merchants simply called these Belgian laces `Point of England'.
Laces of Valenciennes Laces of Valenciennes appeared about 1656 in the town of Ypres. The workers created this new type of bobbin lace by refining the techniques of the `point de Flanders'.
The lace of Valenciennes was produced in Valenciennes until the French revolution. Lace was also produced with the same technique in Gent. These laces were called `bastard lace of Gent' or ` bastard Valenciennes'. The production of Valenciennes was very important in the town of Gent. In 1756 there were 5,000 workers in the beguinage of Gent alone. The town of Gent even offered a wedding dress made entirely out of Valenciennes lace to the Marie-Henrietta archduchess at the time of her marriage with the duke Léopold, future king de Belgium.
Until 1679 the town of Valenciennes belonged to the Netherlands. The lace technique of Valenciennes migrated to Gent at the beginning of the 17th century. This technique also spread in Binche and in the small cities around. To begin with the lace of Binche and of Valenciennes were similar but with time the designs evolved in different directions and these two laces became different one from the other.
Lace of Malines
The lace of Malines is a bobbin lace. It is characterized by a wire a little thicker which determines the contour of the designs. The decorations the Malines almost always comprise a design of flowers with four leafs. The design is also present in the weapons of the town of Malines. The style of decoration of Malines lace is inspired by the periods of Louis XV and Louis XVI.
Malines lace is an extremely fine and light lace. As with all laces the Malines style suffered towards the end from the 18th century because lace became less fashionable. But by about 1820 there was an important revival of interest.
Rosaline Rosaline appeared in the middle of the 19th century and was produced in Belgium until the 1950’s.
There are two types of Rosaline: the `Rosaline point' and the `beaded Rosaline'. Rosaline point is a bobbin lace with a decoration of small flowers linked to each other by small supports. Rosaline is beaded when one broiders with the needle small pearls in the heart of the flowers in order to give more relief. To produce a round mat of 12 centimeters in Rosaline took on average 70 working hours without counting the time necessary to produce the small pearls for the needle.